Two Party Voting System

Voted printed papers on white surface
Type: Vocabulary
Originally published on September 18, 2020 and last updated on July 11, 2023

The topic of the two-party voting system offers English learners an engaging conversation topic that explores politics, democracy and governance. Discussing this topic allows learners to practice expressing their opinions, analysing political systems and debating the pros and cons of different electoral systems. It provides an opportunity to enhance vocabulary related to politics and democracy while developing critical thinking skills.

Conversations on the two-party voting system help learners improve their language proficiency by engaging in meaningful discussions and gaining a deeper understanding of the complexities of political processes.


Go through the vocabulary below with your students and ask them to try and use this vocabaulry where possible when discussing the different conversation questions.

About The Two Party Voting System

The two-party voting system, a prevalent feature in many democratic countries, has long shaped political landscapes and electoral processes. This system limits political representation primarily to two major parties, creating a dichotomous choice for voters. Proponents argue that it promotes stability, effective governance and clear policy alternatives. However, critics point to potential drawbacks, such as limited representation of diverse viewpoints and a tendency towards polarisation.

Exploring the intricacies and consequences of the two-party voting system allows us to examine its impact on democracy, political discourse and the pursuit of inclusive governance.

Useful Vocabulary

Try and use the following vocabulary when answering the question. Click to look up the definition in the dictionary

  • politician (noun)
  • as a result of (phrase)
  • democratic (adjective)
  • efficient (adjective)

Conversation Questions

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  • Is a two party voting system better than a multi party voting system?
  • What voting system is used in your country?
  • Do you have a preference of which voting system you would prefer to use?
  • How do political parties in a two-party system differentiate themselves from each other?
  • Do you think the two-party system promotes healthy political competition and accountability?
  • Can the two-party system adequately represent the diverse interests and opinions of a population?
  • In your opinion, should countries consider adopting a different voting system that allows for more political diversity?
  • Is a two-party system more or less susceptible to corruption compared to other electoral systems?
  • What are the benefits of a two-party system?
  • What are the benefits of a multi-party system?
  • Is it fair to blame the two-party system for political polarisation and division in society?
This conversation topic was prepared by Gregory

Gregory is a qualified TEFL teacher who has been teaching English as a Foreign Language (ESL) for over a decade. He has taught in-person classes in Spain and to English learners around the world online.