Climate Change

Type: Vocabulary
Originally published on June 22, 2019 and last updated on May 25, 2023

Climate change, a pressing global issue, is an excellent discussion topic for ESL learners. It involves a range of different vocabulary, providing a rich context for language learning. Discussing climate change encourages students to engage with scientific concepts, policy debates and cultural perspectives.

Go through the vocabulary below with your students and ask them to try and use this vocabaulry where possible when discussing the different conversation questions.

What is Climate Change?

Climate change is about changes in weather around the world that last for a long time. It’s believed to be mainly caused by humans doing things like burning fuels, which releases gases into the air. These gases trap heat from the sun, making the Earth warmer, a process called global warming. This leads to changes like stronger storms, more floods and droughts, higher sea levels, and changes in where plants and animals live. These changes can make life harder for people and nature, which is why climate change is a big problem we need to look into more.

Vocabulary Related to Climate Change

Try and use the following vocabulary when answering the question. Click to look up the definition in the dictionary

  • climate (noun)
  • deal with (phrasal verb)
  • responsible (adjective)
  • take responsibility (phrase)
  • slow down (phrasal verb)
  • course of action (phrase)

Questions About Climate Change

My Image
  • Is climate change real?
  • What is climate change?
  • What are some of the potential consequences of climate change?
  • Do you think climate change is exaggerated?
  • Do you think that it is possible that the earth's changing temperature is down to natural causes and there is nothing we can do to stop it?
  • What are some of the solutions to address climate change?
  • How do governments and international organizations respond to climate change?
  • What role do science and technology play in addressing climate change?
  • Have you consciously done anything to help with climate change?
  • Who do you think is the most responsible for slowing down climate change?
  • What are some of the challenges in getting people to take action on climate change?
This conversation topic was prepared by Gregory

Gregory is a qualified TEFL teacher who has been teaching English as a Foreign Language (ESL) for over a decade. He has taught in-person classes in Spain and to English learners around the world online.